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The Horse Chestnut is a fine tree with a tall domed crown up to 30m or more in height. The twigs are a redish-brown and the strikingly large winter buds are resinous and very sticky. The leaves have 5-7 leaflets, each 10-25 cm long obovate but with a prolonged wedge shaped base. The flowers have white petals in May and spiny fruit is globose 6cm across and produced in the autumn.
Lime trees grow to around 25m and the foliage provides food for several different moth larvae. The blossom attracts bees and other insects.
The infestations of aphids with their resultant excrement, confusingly known as honeydew, leaves a sticky deposit on anything under the tree. The leaves are heart-shaped.
The Silver Birch will grow up to 25m and is a particularly airy and graceful tree, from its distinctive white and black bark to its drooping fronds of delicate triangular shaped leaves. These leaves are soft green in Spring and rich yellow in Autumn.
This tree has the unusual characteristic of growing mature bark which is even tougher than the timber within.
The Field Maple has little yellow flowers. It can grow up to 25m in height and is typically found on the edges of woods and in hedgerows.
The tree has a pale brown wood, which is soft and fine grained. The leaves turn yellow in autumn and often have red or golden brown tones. As the tree isn't large enough to produce large timber it is used for turnery, marketry, and craft work.
The bark of the Hornbeam is pale grey with vertical markings, sometimes with a short twisted trunk, which develops ridges with age. The leaves are a similar shape to beech leaves - oval, toothed and with pointed tips but beautifully ridged. Produces fantastic colours in the autumn.
The English Oak is a deep rooted, broad crowned, deciduous tree reaching 30m or more in height. It has a thick deeply fissured bark.
Acorns are born singly or in groups of 2-5 and fall early in Autumn. Oak trees support the greatest variety of insects and other invertebrate life of all other British trees. It can be more than 500 different species.
Whitebeam. Silvery leaves with yellow down carried on purple shoots make a striking feature in spring. The foliage remains grey-green throughout the summer, with bunches of white flowers in late spring and dark red berries in autumn.